Aerobic training is any type of exercise which improves or enhances the body’s use of oxygen. The word”aerobic” refers to oxygen. Apart from increasing the amount of oxygen that your body consumes and enhancing the body’s capacity to produce fatty acids when exercising. A good example of an aerobic exercise routine is one that involves warming up, followed by moderate exercise for a long time which exercises the larger muscles, and it is followed by a cooling-down. Whatever the form of exercise, it’s essential to be aware that aerobic exercise can be beneficial to burning fat as well as cardiovascular health and overall wellbeing.
Anaerobic training involves intense exercise enough to stimulate anaerobic metabolism. It greatly improves the functional capability of the body for the growth of explosive strength and the enhancement of the short-term energy systems. A good example would be non-endurance sports like bodybuilders who use anaerobic training to improve speed, strength and the size of their muscles. This results in better performance in intense and short-term activities.
Many physiological responses of the body can be observed during aerobic exercise. The aerobic capacity of a person will increase. It will increase in the capacity of muscles that have been trained. This results from the ability to use and release fat due to the high levels of fat-metabolizing enzymes and also the increased flow of blood. Additionally, the body experiences a greater development of slow-twitch muscles and a higher level of myoglobin that is an iron-protein compound within the muscle which acts to store and transfer oxygen to the muscles. Aerobic exercise enhances the body’s utilization of oxygen, enhancing the capacity of storing and transporting it which results in more contraction of muscle fibers that are slow to contract.
There are a variety of changes in the body’s physiological system that are also seen in anaerobic exercise and will reveal the significant differences between them and the advantages of each. Anaerobic exercise increases the size of fast twitch muscles fibers, compared with slow twitch. Increases tolerance to greater concentrations of blood lactate. It also enhances the the amount of enzymes that are involved in the anaerobic stage of the breakdown of glucose. Anaerobic training also results in an increase in the levels at rest of ATP, CP, creatine and glycogen levels. Training with weights that are intense in sessions that last between 45-75 minutes can cause testosterone and growth hormone levels to rise.