The second trimester is considered as the most pleasant period of pregnancy. The nausea is gone, you are less tired, your mood is more stable and the risk of miscarriage is lower. Your pregnancy is also increasingly apparent.
When does the 2nd trimester of pregnancy begin
The second trimester begins with the fourth month of pregnancy (16th week of amenorrhea). Unlike the first trimester, which can be difficult between nausea, fear of miscarriage and constant fatigue, the second trimester is generally better experienced by future mothers.
What are the examinations of the 2nd trimester of pregnancy?
The second ultrasound:
Also called morphological ultrasound, the 2nd trimester ultrasound performed between the 20th and 25th week of amenorrhea makes it possible to study the different organs of the fetus: heart, brain, abdomen. An examination also essential to monitor the growth of the baby, study the position and appearance of the placenta, and assess the amount of amniotic fluid. Finally, the second ultrasound also offers parents the possibility of knowing the sex of their child. “Unless this one plays the smart ones and refuses to show it! »
Screening for gestational diabetes
Formerly systematic, this screening is now only prescribed for future mothers who are at risk of developing gestational diabetes. “This is the case for women over the age of 35, with a high body mass index, with a history of fetal macrosomia (large baby) or gestational diabetes”, Often feared by patients, the examination consists of ingest 75 g of glucose on an empty stomach and to check the blood sugar level one hour later and then two hours after ingesting the solution.
Screening for toxoplasmosis:
During each prenatal consultation, your practitioner will also check the results of your blood tests.
Toxoplasmosis is an infection transmitted by toxoplasma gondii. To limit the risk of contamination, avoid eating undercooked meat or poorly washed vegetables and wash your hands well after contact with a cat or its litter box.
Rh negative and immunoglobulins:
You are rhesus negative and your companion is rhesus positive? If your baby is Rhesus positive, your body may react against it (rhesus incompatibility). “This is why we now take a blood test to determine the fetal genotype,”. If the future baby is positive, the mother will be injected with immunoglobulins in the sixth month to prevent her body from producing antibodies against the fetus during a future pregnancy. »
Get vaccinated against whooping cough:
Vaccination against pertussis has been recommended for pregnant women from the second trimester of pregnancy, favoring the period between 20 and 36 weeks of amenorrhea (absence of menstruation), in order to ensure optimal protection of the newborn. born. Severe forms, with hospitalization, of this bacterial respiratory disease occur mainly in infants under 6 months. This vaccination must be carried out at each pregnancy.
Swimming, walking, yoga: it is strongly recommended to continue physical activity during pregnancy. “It’s important to keep working on your breath,”. This also helps to better manage the minor ailments of pregnancy and to limit weight gain. It’s up to you to choose the sport that suits you best
- Your belly is rounding up and you may notice stretch marks there.
- Your uterus continues to expand . In the 6th month of pregnancy, it will measure approximately 24 cm.
- Your pelvis is preparing for the passage of the baby and this shifts your center of gravity. This change can cause occasional loss of balance.
- You notice that certain areas of your body are getting darker. This is for example the case of your nipples and your scars. A brownish line (the linea nigra) may appear between the pelvic region and the navel. Irregular spots can form on your face. This is called the pregnancy mask. These darker areas will disappear after your baby is born. However, avoid exposing yourself to the sun, which could amplify the appearance of these spots.
- The increase in the volume of your blood causes your veins to dilate. You could then see varicose veins appear on your legs and bluish veins on your breasts.
- Your breasts enlarge and colostrum may leak from your nipples.
- Your weight increases (from 5 to 7 kilos on average).
- Your teeth and gums are sensitive and may bleed more easily.
- Your mood is probably more stable.
- Under the action of hormones, your complexion is radiant, your hair shinier and your nails stronger.
- You feel the first active movements of the fetus (between the 18th and 20th week). If you have already been pregnant, you may notice them earlier (around the 16th week).
Common ailments :
Pregnancy affects the entire body of a woman. The cardiovascular, digestive, respiratory, nervous, reproductive and urinary systems are thus affected. Over the next few months, it will therefore be normal to feel a variety of discomforts and some pain.
Below is a list of the most common ailments during the 2nd trimester
- Stomach pains
- Nasal congestion and nosebleeds
- Constipation and hemorrhoids
- Braxton Hicks Contractions
- Leg cramps
- Groin pain
- Swelling in the legs and feet
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Back pain
- Vaginal discharge
- Varicose veins on the legs
The 2nd trimester is considered as the most agreeable period of pregnancy.
The whole body of the pregnant woman is affected by the changes that appear during the 2nd trimester.