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Cardiomyopathy: A Big Heart Is Not Always A Good Thing

A heart with a big size could be a good concept in a metaphorical sense, however in real life it’s an extremely serious medical condition. An increase in the size of the heart muscle is called cardiomyopathy. Cardiomyopathy can be described as a category of diseases that impact the capacity of the hearts to circulate blood.

The human heart comprises four chambers: two atria as well as two ventricles. The atria are blood vessels and ventricles are responsible for pumping in blood from the heart. These chambers are constructed from a specific kind of muscle called cardiac muscle. Cardiomyopathy can affect the shape and size of the heart muscle.

The condition can cause an increase in the stiffness of heart muscle as well as thickening of muscles or stretching of the cardiac muscles.

Types Of Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathies come in four primary varieties: dilated cardiomyopathy hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia and restrictive cardiomyopathy.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy

This is a disease in which the muscles of the heart become weak and stretched. This makes them weak and ineffective to adequately pump blood. This is the most frequent kind of cardiomyopathy.

The weakening of the heart muscle can cause an increase in the size in the size of your heart. The weakness of the heart may result in heart failure.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

This is a genetic variant of cardiomyopathy where there is a thickening of heart muscles that restricts the circulation of blood through heart and into the entire body. The wall thickness of the heart mean that the heart isn’t able to keep as much blood in its arteries as it is supposed to.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can be overlooked however it is a major reason for sudden heart arrest among young people.

Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia

In this kind of cardiomyopathy, the heart ventricles’ muscles are replaced by fibrous and fat tissue. This is a rare kind of cardiomyopathy.

The loss in cardiac muscle cells could result in heart failure as well as abnormal heart rhythms. The condition is identified by a change in the genes that regulate the cardiac cell’s production of proteins. The mutation causes the death of heart muscle cells. The dying cells are replaced with fiberous tissue as well as fat.

Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

In cardiomyopathy that is restrictive ventricles’ walls become stiff and are unable to relax. This can affect the flow of blood from the heart. The most commonly-used type of cardiomyopathy.

The reason for the condition is not known, but it may be caused by scarring following a heart transplant or an inheritance issue.

Other types of cardiomyopathy are stress cardiomyopathy and secondary cardiomyopathy and ischemic cardiovascular myopathy.

Symptoms Of Cardiomyopathy

Since cardiomyopathy is a condition that affects the pumping capabilities within the heart muscle, it may cause the following signs:

 

  • Breathlessness
  • Fatigue
  • Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmia)
  • Chest pain
  • The fainting and dizziness can be a cause.
  • A low tolerance to exercise
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Excessive swelling of the extremities, particularly the legs and feet.
  • The abdomen is a source of fluid.
  • Consistent coughing, particularly when lying down

Treatment Of Cardiomyopathy

 

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