Many people realize that they must be educated about disease in today’s society. Individuals need to be able to identify potential conditions and develop preventive strategies to ensure they live a healthy life. Diabetes is a condition that more and greater people are trying to understand. You can find out more about diabetes and its serious consequences, including diabetic coma.
So… WHAT IS DIABETIS?
Diabetes is an illness caused by high blood sugar (or blood glucose). The body’s main source of energy is blood glucose, which is found in the foods that we eat. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas of the body that allows glucose from food to enter the cells. The food then becomes energy. The glucose stays in the blood until it reaches the cells. Some people refer to diabetes as “borderline” or “a little bit of sugar.” These terms indicate that the person is not suffering from diabetes, or is dealing with a less severe illness. However, every case must be evaluated and monitored.
What are the DIFFERENT KINDS of Diabetes?
Type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes are the most common types of diabetes.
TYPE 1 DIABETS
Type 1 diabetics find their bodies don’t produce insulin. Their immune systems destroy pancreatic cells that produce insulin. This type of diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in children and young adults. It can also appear at any age. Type 1 diabetics must be insulin-dependent to continue living.
TYPE 2 DIABETS
Type 2 diabetes sufferers find their bodies don’t make or use insulin as efficiently as they should. This type of diabetes can be acquired at any age, even childhood. The condition is more common in the elderly and middle-aged. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type.
Some women develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy. This type of diabetes usually ends after the baby is born. However, if you have gestational diabetes, your chances of developing type 2 diabetes are higher. Type 2 diabetes can be diagnosed in some cases during pregnancy.
A BIOTHER FORMAT OF DIABETES
Monogenic diabetes is a less common type of diabetes. This type of diabetes is passed on to the children. Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes is another less common type of diabetes.
Is DIABETES COMMON?
Diabetes was a leading cause of death in the United States. In 2015, it affected 30.3 million people. This represents 9.4% of the total population. More than 1 in 4 people with diabetes were not aware they had it. Over 65 years old, 1 in 4 people are affected by diabetes. Type 2 diabetes affects between 90-95% of people with diabetes.
What are the SYMPTOMS?
Multiple symptoms can be a sign that someone is suffering from diabetes. These are some of the symptoms:
* Increased thirst and urination
* Increased hunger
* Nausea in the feet or hands
* Inexplicable weight loss
* No healing for sores
What are the CAUSES?
There are many factors that can cause type 2 diabetes, including lifestyle and genes. Here are some considerations
OBESITY, BEING OVERWEIGHT, AND PHYSICAL INACTIVITY
Type 2 diabetes is more likely if you live a sedentary life and are overweight or obese. Insulin resistance can be caused by excess weight. It is also important to consider the exact location of your body fat. Extra fat around the abdomen is associated with blood vessel disease, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. BMI charts can be used to assess if your weight is increasing your risk of developing this condition.
Type 2 diabetes is usually caused by insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is when fat cells, liver, or muscle don’t use insulin efficiently. This is a condition in which the body needs more insulin to allow glucose to enter cells. To compensate, the pancreas of the individual will produce more insulin in the beginning. The insulin production of the pancreas decreases over time. This causes blood glucose levels to increase.
GENES and FAMILY HISTORY
There are genes that make someone more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. It is more common in families. It is most common in the following ethnic/racial groups:
* African Americans
* American Indians
* Alaska Natives
* Asian Americans
* Pacific Islanders
* Native Hawaiians
It is important to note that type 2 diabetes can be increased by an individual’s genetics, increasing their likelihood of becoming obese or overweight.
WHAT HAPPENS IF YOU HAVE DIABETES
People who have too many glucose levels in their blood can develop health problems over time. These include:
* Heart Disease
* Foot Problems
* Eye Problems
* Kidney Disease
* Nerve Damage
A diabetic coma is another health problem that can be caused by diabetes. This is a condition where the body goes into a state of unconsciousness due to hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia.
This type of coma can be triggered by many symptoms. Hyperglycemia can be characterized by the following symptoms:
* Abdominal pain