Are you familiar with the old saying, “An ounce prevention is better than cure?” This is true even for cervical cancer, which is the most common cause of death from cancer in women. It is often too late when symptoms start to develop or women discover they have cancer. Regular check-ups are important to ensure that you don’t get cervical cancer. However, being lazy can make it difficult for you to fight this disease.
The Cervical Cancer-Free Coalition says that cervical cancer is the leading cause of death in India. It affects 1,32,000 women annually and causes 72,000 deaths.
Cervix cancer is more common among women aged over 30. It affects the female reproductive system. The cervix (or uterus) is the passageway connecting the lower part of a woman’s body to her vagina. Cells are the building blocks of tissue and cancer starts in them. Normal cervical cells are found in the tissues of cervix. They divide and grow to create new cells when needed. These cells have an enduring lifespan.
Normal cells become old or damaged over time and die. New cells replace them. Sometimes, this happens in an unexpected way. New cells may form when the body doesn’t need them. Old or damaged cells won’t die as expected. A tumor is a mass of extra cells that forms from the accumulation of these cells.
Scientists aren’t sure why cancer cells develop. There are risk factors that increase your risk of developing cervical carcinoma. The majority of cervical cancers are caused by the human papillomavirus, a ually transmitted disease. There are more than 100 types of HPV. Most of them are low-risk and don’t cause cervical cancer. The most dangerous HPV types can cause cancer or brain cell abnormalities. Two types of HPV, HPV-16 or HPV-18, account for more than 70% of cases of cervical cancer. These viruses are often called high-risk HPV types.
Multiple ual partners, early or regular ual activity, smoking, and those with weakened immune systems (e.g., HIV/AIDS patients, transplant recipients, who are taking immunosuppressive medications) are all risk factors. Some genetic factors increase the likelihood of developing cervical carcinoma, such as multiple pregnancies and childbirth at an early age.
Cervical cancer is a silent killer. It may not be obvious symptoms and may not present until advanced stages. In these cases, survival rates are low and treatment costs are high. It is important to have regular screenings in order to prevent this cancer spreading.
Most cancers develop symptoms when it becomes invasive and spreads. The most common symptom of abnormal vaginal bleeding is bleeding between periods. Other symptoms include bleeding during and pain while having.