Rare disorders can affect women’s fertility. These rare conditions aren’t “household names”, even among women who are knowledgeable about women’s health. There might be some eyebrows raised when you ask women about polycystic-ovary syndrome or sperm allergy. They are rare, so this could explain why they might be a little unusual. Fertility issues are important for women who want to become pregnant.
These two disorders are briefly described below:
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: This is an endocrine condition that affects approximately. This is the leading cause of infertility. It affects between 5% and 10% of women. The symptoms can vary in women. This disorder affects women with higher levels of male hormones than the normal. All women have both male as well as female hormones. An excess of male hormone (androgen), can lead to hair loss, irregular or absent periods (anovulation), and small cysts that are filled with fluids. A woman who is pregnant or trying for a baby should consult a doctor before she takes any medication to treat hair loss. This can impact the development of the fetus. The presence of polycystic Ovary Syndrome is strongly linked to obesity, diabetes, and excessive insulin production.
Ovulation can be affected by polycystic-ovary syndrome. To help the ovaries produce eggs, there are many medications that can be used. A woman suffering from PCOS can use IVF to help her conceive. Laparoscopic procedures are also an option, but they are not recommended as a first choice. A small amount of the ovary can be destroyed by an electric current. This can reduce the production of male hormones, and increase ovulation.
It is not known what exactly causes PCOS. It is possible that there is a genetic component, but more testing is required.