Preeclampsia and Gestational Diabetes, which are complications of pregnancy, have been shown to increase the risk of developing coronary artery disease in Black women. Researchers from the Medical University of South Carolina, the United States, have compared Black women who had either of these conditions in their past.
- Gestational diabetes (148 for women).
- preeclampsia (137 participants), or
- premature delivery (154 women),
With 445 Black women who experienced a healthy, normal pregnancy. The results of their study were published in Circulation and Cardiovascular Imaging in July 2019.
Plaque, mainly cholesterol, can block the arteries that deliver fresh blood to the heart muscle. Obstructive coronary arteries were more common in women with any of these complications than in those who did not have them. Gestational diabetes was more common in women than it was in those without complications. Other pregnancy complications were associated with an elevated risk of coronary heart disease.